Combining investment components

Every blue natural capital project will have its own unique environmental, social and economic returns, combining the investment components in distinctive ways. These graphs show potential revenue streams and is for illustration only.

Small Island

Small islands often have limited or only expensive access to fresh water. Investments into solar driven desalination projects protect the environment and support local industries profiting from irrigation such as agriculture. Being geographically isolated, tourism is often the dominant source of income. Conserving and restoring ecosystems makes islands more attractive for tourists thereby generating wealth across society. Finally, expanding telecommunication services helps setting up and monitoring areas subject to protection while creating a new source of income for SMEs.


Helping coastal fisheries become sustainable does not only help coastal ecosystems but pays off also financially if premium produce is sold. Developing a viable supply of biofuel is a similar win-win. While clean energy protects our mangrove forests from being used as fuel-wood and mitigates climate change, a local biofuel industry creates jobs and income contrary to often distant fossil fuel extraction. On top of that, CO2 kept in protected marine ecosystems that would otherwise be released, can be monetized on international carbon markets.


Coastal ecosystems play a key role in climate adaption. Conserving them saves lives and provides economic opportunities. While mangrove forests and coral reefs protect against floods and storms that are expected to intensify, both insurance companies and insurance takers benefit from lower damages and premiums. Smart investments in local renewable energy production such as solar home systems attack the root cause of depriving those valuable natural adaptation mechanisms. At the same time, a local solar supply chain adds economic value.