Climate change is leading to rising sea levels around the world. This has become a growing concern for coastal and insular regions such as Indonesia. Mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrasses are important and efficient carbon sinks, and play a key role in curbing the effects of climate change by sequestrating atmospheric carbon in both the plants and the sediment below.
The BNC solution
The Rekam Nusantara Foundation aims to restore large area of mangrove forests and seagrass in coastal areas on three islands of the Indonesian archipelagic region. The first aim is to better diagnose the state of the existing ecosystems to develop a plan for restoring, protecting and rehabilitate mangrove forests in Central Java, and seagrass in West Nusa Tenggara.
The second aim is to develop a long-term financial plan for restoring the regions ecosystems to natural levels. Overall, the project is leading to better support for local communities, better education and community awareness and better governance in blue carbon ecosystems.
How BCAF supports this initiative
The BCAF will support the project leaders in developing a financial model for the long-term implementation of the project, providing guidance in setting up a blue carbon credit system, as well as developing synergies with local governments and the tourism sector.
The rehabilitation and expansion of existing mangrove and seagrass ecosystems increase the capacity for carbon sequestration. Mangroves also protect coastlines from erosion and extreme weather events.
Mangrove reforestation improves the resilience of coastlines to erosion by providing a natural barrier against sea currents and waves, also preventing marine surges from destroying human infrastructures.
Mangroves and seagrasses provide a natural carbon sink, which can be monetarized using blue carbon credits. These coastal ecosystems also provide monetary value from tourism activities and fishing.