Climate change is creating new challenges for the Caribbean region, with sea level rise, and increased extreme weather events putting thousands of livelihoods at risk. At the same time, coral reefs are degrading due to climate change. These essential ecosystems hold close to 25% of the world’s marine life, and act as a natural barrier slowing down waves, reducing extreme weather events´ effects.
The natural environment around the Pacific islands is highly vulnerable to both natural and human impacts. The current methods used for wastewater management have shown negative impacts on freshwater quality, and have been associated with increased algal blooms, dying coral, and decreasing numbers of marine life.